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Title: Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, 9th - 10th Centuries C.E.
Author: Melchert, Christopher
Publisher: Brill; Publication Date: 2005
Hardcover; ISBN: 9789004109520
Volumes: 1; Pages: xxviii, 246
List Price in Cloth: $160.00 Our price: $135.99
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The Sunni schools of law are named for jurisprudents of the eighth and ninth centuries, but they did not actually function so early. The main division at that time was rather between adherents of ra'y and hadith. No school had a regular means of forming students.Relying mainly on biographical dictionaries, this study traces the constitutive elements of the classical schools and finds that they first came together in the early tenth century, particularly with the work of Ibn Surayj (d. 306/918), al-Khallal (d. 311/923), and a series of hanafi teachers ending with al-Karkhi (d. 340/952). Malikism prospered in the West for political reasons, while the zahiri and Jariri schools faded out due to their refusal to adopt the common new teaching methods.In this book the author fleshes out these historical developments in a manner that will be extremely useful to the field, while at the same time developing some new and highly original perspectives.