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Papers on Semitic and Afroasiatic Linguistics in Honor of Gene B Gragg (Cynthia L Miller (ed)) Paperback Book, (Oriental Institute, 2007) 9781885923417
Papers on Semitic and Afroasiatic Linguistics in Honor of Gene B Gragg (Cynthia L Miller (ed)) Paperback Book, (Oriental Institute, 2007) 9781885923417
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Title: Papers on Semitic and Afroasiatic Linguistics in Honor of Gene B Gragg

Author: Miller, Cynthia L (ed)

Publisher: Oriental Institute/U of Chicago; Publication Date: 2007

Paperback; ISBN: 9781885923417

Volumes: 1; Pages: 216

List Price in Paper: $60.00 Our price: $51.99

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Professor Gene B. Gragg's unbounded intellectual curiosity and rigorous linguistic method have served as a bridge between the often disparate fields of Semitic philology and linguistics, between the various sub-disciplines that study the ancient Near East, between the study of ancient languages by means of scribal corpora and modern languages by means of language helpers, and between users and developers of computer programs for linguistic and text analysis. In so doing he has inspired a generation of students and colleagues to new vistas and greater horizons. All but one of the essays in this volume were originally presented at a symposium at the Oriental Institute on May 21-22, 2004, in honor of his retirement. The symposium was centered around Semitic and comparative Semitic linguistics, the areas of inquiry of most of Professor Gragg's students; two other papers at the symposium (those by Bender and Militarev) directed our attention to his comparative Afroasiatic interests. An additional paper by Rebecca Hasselbach, who was recently hired to teach Comparative Semitics at the Oriental Institute, rounds out the volume. The two Afroasiatic papers consider different aspects of connections between various branches of the Afroasiatic family. Lionel Bender reconsiders the ratios of reconstructed forms derived from common Afroasiatic (or, Afrasian) terms in four language branches. His data suggest that Semitic has the strongest family inheritance from Afrasian, followed by Chadic, Omotic, and Cushitic. Alexander Militarev presents a number of Akkadian-Egyptian lexical matches, which he considers to be the result of contact rather than a common Afroasiatic origin. Another pair of papers focuses on comparative Semitics. David Testen examines the origins of the Akkadian vetitive for indicating negative wishes and commands on the basis of West Semitic analogs. Rebecca Hasselbach reconsiders the comparative evidence for plural morphemes in the Semitic languages and proposes a new explanation for the fact that plural morphemes are diptotic rather than triptotic. One paper, by Joseph Daniels, focuses on South Semitic by considering the range of syntactic constructions involving injunctive *la in Epigraphic South Arabian in comparison to jussive constructions in other South Semitic languages. Three papers examine aspects of Biblical Hebrew; two use linguistic theory and one uses computational linguistics. Stuart Creason looks at the lexical semantics of the verb paqad (the root PQD in the Qal stem) and proposes a single meaning for the verb with additional aspects of meaning contributed by the direct object and subject of the verb in various contexts. Cynthia L. Miller provides a linguistic account of the syntactic constraints on verbal ellipsis in Biblical Hebrew with attention to how poetry relaxes three of the constraints on verbal ellipsis that are found in prose. Richard L. Goerwitz describes a computer program that checks the pointing and accents of Tiberian biblical texts. Three papers examine Aramaic. W. Randall Garr investigates the phonological phenomenon of prenasalization in Imperial Aramaic, Middle Aramaic, and Mandaic within a dialectal and historical framework. The other two of these papers draw upon fieldwork in modern Aramaic dialects. Samuel Ethan Fox provides a traditional text in the Neo-Aramaic dialect of Bohtan and a grammatical sketch of its phonology and morphology. Robert D. Hoberman argues that prosodic structure rather than root structure played a crucial role in a sound change in Northeastern Neo-Aramaic dialects. Finally, two papers consider aspects of Semitic writing systems. Dennis Pardee considers the invention of the Ugaritic cuneiform alphabet in the context of other (linear) alphabetic writing systems and concludes that the Ugaritic alphabet was invented in the thirteenth century, rather than a century (or more) earlier. Peter T. Daniels considers the diffusion of West Semitic writing to Eurasia and outlines three patterns of functional changes in the writing systems. With this volume, we salute some (though hardly all!) of Professor Gragg's manifold achievements.ContentsGene B. Gragg as a Teacher. Robert D. Hoberman Foreword. Gil J. Stein List of Figures List of Tables Bibliography of the Publications and Communications of Gene B. Gragg. Charles E. Jones Chapter 1. Introduction. Cynthia L. Miller Chapter 2. Afrasian Lexicon Reconsidered. M. Lionel Bender Chapter 3. PQD Revisited. Stuart Creason Chapter 4. May the Gods Preserve You! The Variability of Injunctive *la in ESA and Its Relation to Jussive Forms within South Semitic. Joseph Daniels Chapter 5. Littera ex occidente: Toward a Functional History of Writing. Peter T. Daniels Chapter 6. The Story of Mem u Zine in the Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Bohtan. Samuel Ethan Fox Chapter 7. Prenasalization in Aramaic. W. Randall Garr Chapter 8. A New Masoretic "Spell Checker" or, A Fast, Practical Method for Checking the Accentual Structure and Integrity of Tiberian-Pointed Biblical Texts. Richard L. Goerwitz III Chapter 9. External Plural Markers in Semitic: A New Assessment. Rebecca Hasselbach Chapter 10. Semitic Triradicality or Prosodic Minimality? Evidence from Sound Change. Robert D. Hoberman Chapter 11. Akkadian-Egyptian Lexical Matches. Alexander Militarev Chapter 12. Constraints on Ellipsis in Biblical Hebrew. Cynthia L. Miller Chapter 13. The Ugaritic Cuneiform Writing System in the Context of Other Alphabetic Systems. Dennis Pardee Chapter 14. West Semitic Perspectives on the Akkadian Vetitive. David Testen Index
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