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Ten Years of Discovery in the Wilderness of Judaea (J T, OP Milik) Paperback Book, (Wipf and Stock, 2009) 9781608990368
Ten Years of Discovery in the Wilderness of Judaea (J T, OP Milik) Paperback Book, (Wipf and Stock, 2009) 9781608990368
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Title: Ten Years of Discovery in the Wilderness of Judaea

Author: Milik, J T, OP

Publisher: Wipf and Stock; Publication Date: 2009

Paperback; ISBN: 9781608990368

Volumes: 1; Pages: 182

List Price in Paper: $22.00 Our price: $17.99

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J. T. MILIK was a Polish priest who, after brilliant studies in Rome, worked in Jerusalem from 1952, first at the �cole Biblique et Arch�ologique Fran�aise, and later in connection with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. He took part in the exploration of the Qumran. From the beginning, he collaborated in the work of publication. With Father D. Barthelemy he published the fragments from Cave I, Qumran Cave I (Discoveries in the Judaean Desert), Oxford 1955; he was the most active member of the international team, which prepared for publication the considerable collection from Cave IV. The fragments from Cave V and the copper rolls from Cave III were entrusted to him. He would eventually publish the Hebrew and Aramaic documents from Murabba'at; he published some fragments from Hirbet Mird and from unidentified caves in the south. He had been given direct access to all the documents still unpublished, which were kept together in the Palestine Archaeological Museum in Jerusalem. In short, this work was written by a specialist who knew better than anyone the places and documents of which he spoke.

Table of Contents

Preface 7

List of Illustrations 9

List of Abbreviations 10

I The Story of the Discoveries 11

The first manuscript cave of the Qumran area (IQ) 11

Discoveries at Murabba'at. Caves II and III at Qumran 14

Hirbet Mird and a cache from the Second Revolt 15

Qumran Caves IV, V and VI 16

Qumran Caves VII-XI and a new cave at Murabba'�t 18

II The Qumran Library 20

How the scrolls were written 21

Biblical manuscripts:

The Torah 23

The Former Prophets 25

The Latter Prophets 26

The Writings 27

The Hebrew of the biblical text: new data 28

The Deutero-canonical books or Apocrypha 31

The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha:

Jubilees 32

The Book of Enoch 33

The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs 34

Other Old Testament Pseudepigrapha 35

Sectarian literature:

The Rule of the Community 37

The Damascus Document 38

The Rule for the War; the Hymns 39

Commentaries on biblical books 40

Other writings found at Qumran 41

III History of the Esaeaes 44

A text from Pliny 44

The exploration of Qumran 45

Description, of the ruins 46

The phases of occupation at Qumran 49

Qumr�n and the Essenes 56

The evidence of the Qumr�n texts 56

The Damascus Document 58

4Q Testimonia 61

The Habakkuk Commentary 64

Other allusions 71

The Teacher of Righteousness 74

Synthesis 80

'They were like the blind ... for twenty years' 80

First phase: strict Essenism 83

Second phase: Essenism with Pharisaic nuances 87

Third phase: the Essenes during Herod's reign 93

Fourth phase: Essenism with Zealot tendencies 94

Conclusion 98

IV Essene Organization and Teachings 99

The hierarchy 99

Admission of new members 101

Ora et labora 103

The sacred banquet 105

The calendar and the feasts 107

The True Israel and the New Covenant 113

The two spirits 118

The spiritual life of the Essenes 119

The eschatological war 121

The two Messiahs 123

V The Discoveries in the Judaean Wilderness and their Importance 129

Documents spread over two thousand years 129

The linguistic importance of the discoveries 130

Palaeography 133

Historical and onomastic importance of the texts 136

Legal importance of the texts 137

The Qumran texts and Hebrew literature 139

The discoveries in the Judaean Desert and the history of religions 140

Chronohgcal Table 144


I Editions 147

II Selected books 149

III Translations of the non-biblical texts 149

IV Discussions in books and articles 150

Additional Notes 151

Index of Subjects 153

Index of Passages Cited 157

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