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Storm-God in the Ancient Near East (Alberto R W Green) Hardcover Book, (Eisenbrauns, 2003) 9781575060699
Storm-God in the Ancient Near East (Alberto R W Green) Hardcover Book, (Eisenbrauns, 2003) 9781575060699
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Title: Storm-God in the Ancient Near East

Author: Green, Alberto R W

Publisher: Eisenbrauns; Publication Date: 2003

Hardcover; ISBN: 9781575060699

Volumes: 1; Pages: xviii, 363

List Price in Hardcover: $54.50 Our price: $45.99

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In this comprehensive study of a common deity found in the ancient Near East as well as many other cultures, Green brings together evidence from the worlds of myth, iconography, and literature in an attempt to arrive at a new synthesis regarding the place of the Storm-god. He finds that the Storm-god was the force primarily responsible for three major areas of human concern: (1) religious power because he was the ever-dominant environmental force upon which peoples depended for their very lives; (2) centralized political power; and (3) continuously evolving sociocultural processes, which typically were projected through the Storm-god's attendants. Green traces these motifs through the Mesopotamian, Anatolian, Syrian, and Levantine regions; with regard to the latter, he argues that Yahweh of the Bible can be identified as a storm-god, though certain unique characteristics came to be associated with him: he was the Creator of all that is created and the self-existing god who needs no other.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Abbreviations xi

Introduction 1

Chapter 1. Mesopotamia: The Land between Two Rivers 8

Climate and Ecology 8

Iconography of the Mesopotamian Storm-God: Prehistoric up to the End of the Old Babylonian Period 13

Textual Evidence of Sumero-Akkadian Storm-Gods in Southern Mesopotamia 34

Storm-Gods of Northern Mesopotamia: Sumerian and Semitic 51

The Storm-Gods of Mesopotamia: Representations of Primary Human Concerns 72

Semitic Storm-Gods of Northern Mesopotamia: Iconographic and Epigraphic Correlations 85

Chapter 2. The Highlands of Anatolia 89

The Physical Environment 89

The Focus of Religion in Prehistoric Anatolia 93

Cultural Assemblage in Historic Anatolia 99

The Storm-God: Archaeological Pictorial Representations 103

The Storm-God on Rock Carvings, Orthostats, and Temples 120

The Anatolian Storm-God in the Written Sources 127

The Storm-God in Hittite Mythology 134

Summary 151

Chapter 3. Syria: The Upper Country 153

The Syrian Physical Environment 153

The Emergence of the Syrian Storm-God in Iconography 154

The Storm-God and His Attendants within Syria and Non-Anatolian Peripheral Regions 160

Written Evidence of the Syrian Storm-God outside Syria 165

Hadad in the Historical and Mythical Sources in Syria 170

Baal, the Cloud-Rider 190

Baal, the Fertility God 198

The Natural Pattern of the Fertility Process 208

Baal-(H)adad in the Cultural Milieu of Ancient Syria 214

Chapter 4. Coastal Canaan: A Land Bridge between the Continents 219

The Region and Culture of Canaan 219

The Background of Yahwism in the Canaanite Milieu 224

The Deity Yahweh in the Earliest Extrabiblical Sources 231

Yahweh in the Earliest Nonpoetic and Poetic Sources 236

Archaic Poetic Historical References to Yahweh as the Canaanite God El 246

Yahweh, the Hebrew Storm-God 258

The Storm-God Yahweh within the Canaanite Milieu 275

Chapter 5: The Storm-God and His Associates: Summary and Conclusions 281

The Storm-God as a Force in Nature 281

The Storm-God as the Foundation of Political Power 285

The Storm-God and the Evolving Religious Process 288

Chapter 6. Bibliography 293

Indexes

Index of Scripture 335

Index of Authors 337

Index of Personal Names 346

Index of Divine Names and Epithets 348

Index of Places 352

Index of Topics 357
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