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Title: Did Jesus Speak Greek?: The Emerging Evidence of Greek Dominance in First-Century Palestine
Author: Gleaves, G Scott
Publisher: Pickwick Publications; Publication Date: 2015
Paperback; ISBN: 9781498204330
Volumes: 1; Pages: 240
List Price in Paper: $29.00 Our price: $22.99
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Jesus speak Greek? An affirmative answer to the question will no doubt challenge traditional presuppositions. The question relates directly to the historical preservation of Jesus's words and theology. Traditionally, the authenticity of Jesus's teaching has been linked to the recovery of the original Aramaic that presumably underlies the Gospels. The Aramaic Hypothesis infers that the Gospels represent theological expansions, religious propaganda, or blatant distortions of Jesus's teachings. Consequently, uncovering the original Aramaic of Jesus's teachings will separate the historical Jesus from the mythical personality. G. Scott Gleaves, in Did Jesus Speak Greek?, contends that the Aramaic Hypothesis is inadequate as an exclusive criterion of historical Jesus studies and does not aptly take into consideration the multilingual culture of first-century Palestine. Evidence from archaeological, literary, and biblical data demonstrates Greek linguistic dominance in Roman Palestine during the first century CE. Such preponderance of evidence leads not only to the conclusion that Jesus and his disciples spoke Greek but also to the recognition that the Greek New Testament generally and the Gospel of Matthew in particular were original compositions and not translations of underlying Aramaic sources.
Table of Contents
by Rodney Eugene Cloud
Chapter 1 Did Jesus and His Disciples Speak Greek?
Chapter 2 The Emerging Dominance of Greek in First-Century CE Palestine
Chapter 3 The Linguistic Proficiency in Greek of Some of the Primary Disciples of Jesus
Chapter 4 Aramaic and Portions of the Greek New Testament