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Title: The Archaeology of Difference: Gender, Ethnicity, Class and the "Other" in Antiquity. Studies in Honor of Eric M Meyers
Author: Edwards, Douglas R C Thomas McCollough (eds)
Publisher: ASOR; Publication Date: 2007
Hardcover; ISBN: 9780897570701
Volumes: 1; Pages: 429
List Price in Cloth: $124.95 Our price: $99.99
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What distinguishes an individual or a group in ancient society? How do issues of gender, ethnicity, social stratification and the view of the 'other' impact individuals, groups, and societal attitudes? Foucault in his classic work, The Archaeology of Knowledge, observes that layers of information embedded in language and society often elucidate the unspoken assumptions that individuals, groups or societies hold most dear. What is perceived to distinguish one group can carry such symbolic power that whole societies structure their laws, gender roles, ethnic identities, and views toward the "other" in the light of perceived differences. The ancient world was dominated by such differences. Clothing, hair, costume, housing, gender, religion, set apart one from the other. Ascertaining the rules governing difference in antiquity is challenging. Such rules were generally assumed, not clearly delineated. To determine "the archaeology of difference" the studies in this volume draw on textual and material culture. How does archaeological data illuminate gender or ethnicity or interactions and views of the "other"? What in the archaeological evidence elucidates the attitude toward women's role in society or Jewish perspectives on the Gentiles or attitudes toward the dead? What in texts illuminates the "other" especially as it relates to the writer's or narrator's perception? Table of ContentsSetting the Stage: The Archaeology of Difference: An Introduction, C. T. McCollough and D. R. Edwards; Jewish and Muslim Heritage in Europe: The Role of Archaeology in Defending Cultural Diversity, N. Silberman; Section I. Neolithic through Persian Periods: The Emergence of Social Complexity in the Neolithic of the Near East, O. Bar-Yosef; Gender and Social Hierarchy in the Chalcolithic Period of the Light of the Pequi'in Cave, Israel, Z. Gal, H. Smithline, and D. Shalem; Ethnicity and the Archaeological Record: The Case of Early Israel, W. Dever; From Field Crops to Food: Attributing Gender and Meaning to Bread Production in Iron Age Israel, C. Meyers; Queen or Crone? Gendered Archaeology in an LB Tomb at Gezer, J. Seger; No Stelae, No Queens: Two Issues Concerning the Kings of Israel and Judah, G. Rendsburg; The Problem of the Other(ed) Woman in Nahum, J. O'Brien; Linguistic Variation Emphasized, Linguistic Variation Denied, R. Person; Representing the Cushite Other: The Use of Cushite Phenotypes in Numbers 12 and Jeremiah 13:23, R. Sadler; Section II. Hellenistic through Byzantine Periods: What Sort of Jews Were the Tobiads? A. Porter; The Relationship between Galilean Archaeology and Historical Jesus Research, J. Crossan; Zum Standort des Tempels, V. Fritz; 'When I Went to Rome... There I Saw the Menorah': The Jerusalem Temple Implements During the Second Century C.E., S. Fine; Miqwa?�t and Second Temple Sectarianism, C. Selkin Wise; The Stepped Water Installations of the Sepphoris Acropolis, K. Galor; Stepped Pools and the Non-Existent Monolithic 'Miqveh', S. Miller; Jewish Ossuaries of the Early Roman Period: Continuity and Change in Death Ritual, B. McCane; Attitudes toward the Dead: Protective Measures Employed Against the Desecration of Tombs, Coffins, and Ossuaries, R. Hachlili; Khirbet Qana's Necropolis and Ethnic Questions, P. Richardson; Monumental Changes: Architecture and Culture in Late Roman and Early Byzantine Sepphoris, C. McCollough; The Butchers of Sepphoris: Archaeological Evidence of Ethnic Variability, B. Grantham; Sepphoris and the Earliest Christian Congregations, J. Strange; The Lives of Glass-Workers at Sepphoris, A. Fischer; Two Terracotta Figurine Fragments from the Sepphoris Acropolis, M. Aubin; The Archaeology of Bethsaida and the Historical Jesus Quest, R. Arav; Caesarea Phillippi (Paneas) in the Roman and Byzantine Periods, V. Tzaferis; Rabbis, Romans and Rabies: Religion, Disease and the 'Other': A Case Study, B. Geller; Celsus of Pergamum: Locating a Critic of Early Christianity, S. Goranson; Marketing Religious Difference in Late Antique Syria-Palestine: Clay Oil Lamps as Clientele Indicators, E. Lapp; 'Set the Showbread on the Table Before Me Always' (Exodus 25:30): Artistic Representations of the Showbread Table in Early Jewish and Christian Art, Z. Weiss; Christian Among the Jews in En-Gedi, A. de Vincenz; Nomad Settlement in the Late Byzantine-Early Moslem Period Palestine, Z. Safrai and O. Sion.