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Traditions of the Rabbis from the Era of the New Testament, Volume 2A: Feasts and Sabbath, Passover and Atonement (David Instone-Brewer) Hardcover Book, (Wm B Eerdmans Publishing Co, 2011) 9780802847638
Traditions of the Rabbis from the Era of the New Testament, Volume 2A: Feasts and Sabbath, Passover and Atonement (David Instone-Brewer) Hardcover Book, (Wm B Eerdmans Publishing Co, 2011) 9780802847638
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Title: Traditions of the Rabbis from the Era of the New Testament, Volume 2A: Feasts and Sabbath, Passover and Atonement

Author: Instone-Brewer, David

Publisher: Wm B Eerdmans Publishing Co; Publication Date: 2011

Hardcover; ISBN: 9780802847638

Volumes: 1; Pages: 400

List Price in Cloth: $62.00 Our price: $43.99

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The second volume of early rabbinic traditions and their relevance to the New TestamentIn this second volume of his monumental study of early rabbinic traditions and their relevance to the New Testament, David Instone-Brewer provides significant insights into Jewish thought and practice prior to the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 c.e.For each rabbinic tradition considered here, the Feasts and Sabbaths the supporting Hebrew source text is provided side by side with an English translation. Instone-Brewer also presents evidence that exists for accurately dating these sources, which is a critical task recently advanced by modern dating techniques. He goes on to thoroughly discuss the meaning and importance of each rabbinic tradition for Second Temple Judaism, also analyzing any echoes or direct appearances of the tradition in the New Testament writings.Table of Contents PrefaceAbbreviationsTractate Shabbat: The SabbathDefinitions and Outline Dating the Eighteen rulings of the ShammaitesM.Shab.1.1-11: Just before the Sabbath begins m.Shab.1.1: Giving food to a beggar on a Sabbath m.Shab.1.2-3: Close to the time of prayer or the Sabbath m.Shab.1.4: Eighteen rulings voted in by Shammaites m.Shab.1.5-8: Starting labor close to the Sabbath m.Shab.1.10: Cooking which needs to be finished during Sabbath t.Shab.1.19 (Z. 1.8): Leaving a pot to fill with water during Sabbath t.Shab.1.21b (Z. 1.9): May 6-day labor extend itself into the Sabbath? Mekhilta of Simeon re Exod.20.8: Remember the Sabbath during the week t.Er.3.7: Start a siege at least three days before the Sabbath t.Shab.13.13b (Z.14.12): Start voyages at least three days before a SabbathM.Shab.2.1-7: Lighting the Sabbath lamp m.Shab.2.1: What cannot be used for the Sabbath lamp m.Shab.2.6: Three transgressions which lead to death at childbirthM.Shab.3.1-5: Heating food and water m.Shab.3.1: Continuing to heat over a warmed stoveM.Shab.3.6-4.2: Additional rules about lighting and heatingM.Shab.5.1-4: Taking out by animalsM.Shab.6.1-10: Taking out by people m.Shab.6.1-4: Objects which may not be worn on a SabbathM.Shab.7.1-2: How many sin offerings and types of labor? m.Shab.7.1: Sin offerings for committing Sabbath labor several times m.Shab.7.2: The 39 types of labor on a SabbathM.Shab.7.3-9.7: How much can you take out? m.Shab.7.3: How much can be taken out on a Sabbath? m.Shab.9.7: Taking out a basket containing numerous itemsM.Shab.9.1-4: Digression: more hints from ScriptureM.Shab.10.1-6: Additional rules about taking out m.Shab.10.5b: Taking out a man on a bed and related rulingsM.Shab.11.1-6: ThrowingM.Shab.12.1-15.3: Labor (esp. writing, hunting, healing) m.Shab.14.3-4: Healing by food, drink or anointing on a SabbathM.Shab.16.1-8: Saving (from fire) m.Shab.16.1: Saving Scripture scrolls from fire on a Sabbath m.Shab.16.2-3: Saving food from fire on a Sabbath m.Shab.16.7: Minimal work allowed for preventing harm t.Shab.16.21 (Z.17.14a): Killing a louse on the SabbathM.Shab.17.1-18.2: Lifting on the Sabbath m.Shab.17.1,4: Lifting utensils on a Sabbath t.Shab.14.1 (Z.15.1): Lifting utensils on a SabbathM.Shab.18.3-19.6: Midwifery and circumcision m.Shab.18.3-19.1: Essential midwifery & circumcision on the Sabbath Sifra 123.I.8a: Circumcision of one who is already circumcised t.Shab.15.16 (Z.16.13): Proofs that preserving life overrides the SabbathM.Shab.20.1-22.6: Additional rules about lifting, saving & healing m.Shab.21.3: Clearing the table on a Sabbath t.Shab.16.7 (Z.17.4) m.Shab.22.3: Opening a jar by breaking it m.Shab.22.6: Ablutions and healing injured limbs on a SabbathM.Shab.23.1-24.5: Commerce and miscellaneous m.Shab.23.1: Non-commercial loans allowed on a Sabbath t.Shab.16.22a (Z.17.14b): Charity and prayers for healing on a Sabbath m.Shab.24.5: Preventing impurity on a Sabbath t.Shab.16.24 (Z.17.17): Examining blemishes in a sacrificeRelated early traditions from other tractates m.Yom.8.6-7: Preserving life on a Sabbath m.Betz.3.4: Raising a man or animal from a pit on a Sabbath CD.11.13-18=4Q270 4Q265 fr.7 I 5-8Summary & ConclusionsTractate Eerubin: 'Communities' for the SabbathDefinitions and OutlineM.Er.1-2: Marking out the boundarym.Er.1.2: Definition of the entrance of a domain M.Er.3: Preparing a community marker m.Er.3.1: A community marker consists of foodM.Er.4?5; 8.1-2: Sabbath limit community marker m.Er.4.1: You can only travel four cubits outside the Sabbath limitM.Er.6?8: Courtyard and alley community markers m.Er.6.1-3a: Can a non-Israelite restrict a community marker? m.Er.6.3b-4: Non-participants can give up their right to the courtyard m.Er.6.6: Associations meeting in the same dining hall m.Er.8.6: Drawing water from a cistern shared by two courtyardsM.Er.9: Neutral and breached domainsM.Er.10: Permissible ways to move things m.Er.10.1-2: Rescuing something from outside the domain m.Er.10.10-11: Opening and shutting a doorRelated early traditions from other sources CD.10.21-22; 11.4b-6: The Sabbath limit of 1000 or 2000 cubitsSummary & ConclusionsTractate Pesachim: PassoversDefinitions and OutlineM.Pes.1.1-7: Seeking out and disposing of leaven before noon m.Pes.1.1: Seeking out leaven in the dark m.Pes.1.5: The Temple's signal for burning leaven t.Pes.1.6b (Z.1.5c): Burning pure and impure food togetherM.Pes.2.1-8: No leaven after noon and unleavened bread at eve t.Pes.1.7 (Z.1.6): Selling leaven to a gentile close to PassoverM.Pes.3.1-8: Accidents with leaven and offerings m.Pes.3.1: 'Leaven' includes any moist grain m.Pes.3.8: Burning left-over holy things when you leave JerusalemM.Pes.4.1-8: Working and selling during daytime before Passover m.Pes.4.5b: Local practices concerning work on the morning of Passover EveM.Pes.5.1-4: Bringing Passover offerings and other offerings m.Pes.5.2: Passover with both a wrong and a correct designation t.Pes.4.8a: Reasons for Passovers with wrong designations t.Pes.4.13-14 (Z.4.11): Hillel's ruling when the 14th fell on a Sabbath t.Pes.4.15 (Z.4.12): The crowded Passover of King AgrippaM.Pes.5.5-10: Processing Passover offerings in the Temple m.Pes.5.5a, 7: Passover offerings divided into three groups m.Pes.5.8: Mopping up on Passover Eve Sabbath m.Pes.5.9-10a: Flaying the Passover on a Sabbath m.Pes.5.10b: Waiting in the Temple for the end of a Passover SabbathM.Pes.6.1-5: Killing and cooking Passover offerings on a Sabbath m.Pes.6.1: Slaughtering and preparing Passover offerings on a Sabbath t.Pes.7.2: Continuing to roast Passover offerings on a SabbathM.Pes.7.1-13: Cooking and eating the Passover offering m.Pes.7.2: Portions of Passover offerings which are not roasted t.Pes.8.10 (Z.8.6): Women need not observe the Second PassoverM.Pes.8.1-8: Registration for a particular Passover offering m.Pes.8.3: Registering the family and others for a Passover offering m.Pes.8.8: Period of impurity after circumcision t.Pes.7.14 (Z.7.9): What did they dispute about immersing converts? t.Pes.8.18a (Z.7.9): Circumcising and immersing slavesM.Pes.9.1-11: The Second Passover and the Passover in Egypt m.Pes.9.5: Differences between the Exodus meal and PassoverM.Pes.10.1-9: How to celebrate the Passover meal m.Pes.10.1: Before the Passover meal m.Pes.10.2: The first cup and the benediction m.Pes.10.3: The lettuce, unleavened bread and h'aroset t.Pes.2.22 (Z.2.15): The lettuce, unleavened bread and Passover lamb m.Pes.10.4: The second cup and the three questions m.Pes.10.6: Singing the Hallel m.Pes.10.7: The third and fourth cups, and Grace after Meals m.Pes.10.8: Ending the Passover mealRelated early traditions from other sources m.Zeb.1.1, 3: Passover and sin offerings with wrong designations t.San.7.11 (Z.7.5): Seven exegetical rules of HillelSummary & ConclusionsTractate Sheqalim: Temple TaxDefinitions and OutlineDating this tractateM.Sheq.1-2: Collecting the half-shekels m.Sheq.1.1-3a: Announcing the half-shekel m.Sheq.1.3b-5: Receiving the half-shekel m.Sheq.1.6: Paying the surcharge for a half-shekel m.Sheq.2.1: Transporting the half-shekel m.Sheq.2.3: Saving coins for the half-shekelM.Sheq.3?4: Allocating the half-shekels m.Sheq.3.1-2a: Taking the elevation offering of the half-shekel m.Sheq.4.1: Spending the elevation offering of the half-shekel m.Sheq.4.3-4: Spending the surplus of the elevation offering m.Sheq.4.9: Buying produce for the altarM.Sheq.5?6: Other contributions to the Temple m.Sheq.5.1: Names of officials in the Temple t.Sheq.2.14: Names of officials in the Temple m.Sheq.5.3: The seals for different offerings m.Sheq.5.6: The two chambers for donations in the Temple m.Sheq.6.3: List of the thirteen gates of Jerusalem m.Sheq.6.5: The thirteen trumpet-chests in the Temple m.Sheq.6.6: Freewill offerings of money and goodsM.Sheq.7?8: Unidentified contributions and impurity m.Sheq.7.2: The status of money found in the Temple and the city t.Sheq.3.9 (Z.3.7): The status of money found in the Temple and the city m.Sheq.7.4-5: Finding stray animals which might be offerings m.Sheq.7.6-7: Using public funds for incomplete offerings m.Sheq.8.8b: Paying half-shekels after the destruction of the TempleSummary & ConclusionsTractate Yoma: The Day of AtonementDefinitions and OutlineM.Yom.1.1-7: Preparation of the High Priest m.Yom.1.1: Isolating the High Priest for seven days m.Yom.1.5: Making the High Priest swear to follow instructions m.Yom.1.6: Keeping the High Priest awake by reading to himM.Yom.1.8-3.5: Preparation of the Temple m.Yom.2.2: The accident which led to allotments for temple priests m.Yom.2.3-4: Allotments for the burnt offering and incense offering m.Yom.3.1: Announcement of dawn in the Temple m.Yom.3.4: The morning Daily OfferingM.Yom.3.6-4.3a: Preparation of the bullock and goats m.Yom.3.6: The High Priest immerses and dresses in white linen m.Yom.3.8: The first confession m.Yom.3.9: Standing in the Courtyard, ready to draw the lots m.Yom.4.1: Assigning the two goats by lots m.Yom.4.2a: Identifying the two goats m.Yom.4.3: Slaughtering the bullockM.Yom.4.3b-5.2: Taking incense into the Holy of Holies m.Yom.5.1: Burning the incense inside the veil t.Yom.1.8 [t.Kip.1.8] (Z.1.7): Set light to the incense inside or outside?M.Yom.5.3-7: Sprinkling the blood of the bull and goat m.Yom.5.3: Sprinkling with the bullock?s blood m.Yom.5.4: Sprinkling with the goat?s blood m.Yom.5.5-6: Sprinkling the altar or altarsM.Yom.6.1-8: Sending away the Scapegoat and burning the other m.Yom.6.1: Replacement of a goat which is blemished m.Yom.6.2: Confession over the Sent-away Goat m.Yom.6.3-4: Leading the goat away m.Yom.6.7: Burning the goat and bullock sin offeringsM.Yom.7.1-5: Reading Torah and final cleansing m.Yom.7.1: The High Priest's public reading of Torah m.Yom.7.3: Offering the two rams and seven lambsM.Yom.8.1-9: Humbling yourself and repenting m.Yom.8.1: Things forbidden on the Day of Atonement m.Yom.8.8: Atonement by offering, repentance and death m.Yom.8.9: Sincere repentance and purification from sinRelated early traditions from other tractates m.Sheq.8.4: Immersing the veil when it became unclean m.Sheq.8.6: An impure offering for the Holy of HoliesSummary & ConclusionsGlossary of Technical VocabularyIndexesSubjectsPeople & PlacesReferences
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