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Ancient Israel: Its Life and Institutions (2 Volumes Bound as 1) (Roland De, OP Vaux) Paperback Book, (Wm B Eerdmans (Print on Demand), 1997) 9780802842787
Ancient Israel: Its Life and Institutions (2 Volumes Bound as 1) (Roland De, OP Vaux) Paperback Book, (Wm B Eerdmans (Print on Demand), 1997) 9780802842787
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Title: Ancient Israel: Its Life and Institutions (2 Volumes Bound as 1)

Author: Vaux, Roland De, OP

Publisher: Wm B Eerdmans (Print on Demand); Publication Date: 1997

Paperback; ISBN: 9780802842787

Volumes: 1; Pages: 615

List Price in Paper: $52.00 Our price: $41.99

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Considered by many to be a modern classic, Ancient Israel offers a fascinating, full-scale reconstruction of the social and religious life of Israel in Old Testament times.

Drawing principally on the text of the Old Testament itself, as well as from archaeological evidence and information gathered from the historical study of Israel's neighbors, de Vaux first provides an extensive introduction to the nomadic nature of life in ancient Israel and then traces in detail the developments of Israel's most important institutions, family, civil, military, and religious, and their influence on the nation's life and history.

Contents

PREFACE

TRANSLATOR'S NOTE

INTRODUCTION: NOMADISM AND ITS SURVIVAL

1. The Background

2. Tribal Organization

1. The constitution of a tribe

2. The union, division and disappearance of tribes

3. The organization and government of a tribe

4. Tribal territory. War and raiding

3. The Law of Hospitality and Asylum

4. Tribal Solidarity and Blood-Vengeance

5. The Later Development of Tribal Organization in Israel

6. Relics of Nomadism

7. The 'Nomadic Ideal' of the Prophets

8. The Rekabites

PART 1: FAMILY INSTITUTIONS

1. THE FAMILY

1. Of what type was the Israelite family?

2. Family solidarity. The go'el

3. The later development of family customs

2. MARRIAGE

1. Polygamy and monogamy

2. The typical Israelite marriage

3. Choosing the bride

4. Engagements

5. Marriage ceremonies

6. Repudiation and divorce

7. Adultery and fornication

8. The levirate

3. THE POSITION OF WOMEN, WIDOWS

4. CHILDREN

1. Attitude to children

2. Birth

3. The name

4. Circumcision

5. Education

6. Adoption

5. SUCCESSION AND INHERITANCE

6. DEATH AND FUNERAL RITES

1. Treatment of the corpse

2. Burial

3. Mourning rites

4. Rites concerning food

5. The funeral lamentations

6. Interpretation of these rites

PART II: CIVIL INSTITUTIONS

1. POPULATION

2. THE FREE POPULATION: ITS DIVISIONS

1. Social evolution

2. The men of rank and influence

3. The 'people of the land'

4. Rich and poor

5. Resident aliens

6. Wage-earners

7. Craftsmen

8. Merchants

3. SLAVES

1. The existence of slavery in Israel

2. Slaves of foreign origin

3. Israelite slaves

4. The number and value of slaves

5. The position of slaves

6. Female slaves

7. Runaway slaves

8. The emancipation of slaves

9. State slaves

4. THE ISRAELITE CONCEPT OF THE STATE

1. Israel and the various Eastern notions of the State

2. The Twelve Tribes of Israel

3. The institution of the monarchy

4. The Dual Monarchy

5. The kingdoms of Israel and Judah

6. The post-exilic community

7. Was there an Israelite idea of the State?

5. THE PERSON OF THE KING

1. Accession to the throne

2. The coronation rites

1. The setting: the sanctuary

2. The investiture with the insignia

3. The anointing

4. The acclamation

5. The enthronement

6. The homage

3. The coronation name

4. The enthronement psalms

5. The king as saviour

6. Divine adoption

7. The king and worship

6. THE ROYAL HOUSEHOLD

1. The harem

2. The Great Lady

3. The royal children

4. The king's attendants

5. The royal guard

6. The royal estate

7. THE PRINCIPAL OFFICIALS OF THE KING

1. The ministers of David and Solomon

2. The master of the palace

3. The royal secretary

4. The royal herald

8. THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE KINGDOM

1. The kingdom of David

2. The administration under Solomon

3. The districts of Judah

4. The districts of the kingdom of Israel

5. Local administration

9. FINANCE AND PUBLIC WORKS

1. Royal revenues and state revenues

2. 'Voluntary' or exceptional contributions

3. Tithes

4. Forced labour

10. LAW AND JUSTICE

1. Legislative codes

2. Eastern law in ancient times

3. The sources of Israelite law

4. Characteristics of Israelite law

5. The king's legislative and judicial powers

6. Judges and courts of law

7. Procedure

8. The judgment of God

9. Penalties

10. Private vengeance and Cities of Refuge

11. ECONOMIC LIFE

1. Landed property

2. Family property and large estates

3. Conveyances and similar formalities

4. Deposit and hiring

5. Loans

6. Securities

7. Sureties and bail

8. The Sabbatical Year

9. The Jubilee Year

12. DIVISIONS OF TIME

1. Ancient Eastern calendars

2. The Israelite calendar. The day

3. The month

4. The week

5. The year

6. The beginning of the year

7. The eras

13. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

1. Israelite 'metrology'

2. Linear measures

3. Measures of capacity

4. Measures of weight

5. The coinage

PART III: MILITARY INSTITUTIONS

1. THE ARMIES OF ISRAEL

1. A people under arms

2. The professional army

1. The corps of mercenaries

2. The charioty

3. The conscript army

2. FORTIFIED CITIES AND SIEGE WARFARE

1. Fortified towns

2. Ramparts

3. Fortified gates and citadels

4. Siege warfare

5. The water supply

3. ARMAMENTS

1. Offensive weapons

2. Defensive weapons

4. WAR

1. A short military history of Israel

2. The conduct of war

3. The consequences of war

5. THE HOLY WAR

1. The concept of the holy war, and its rites

2. The holy wars at the beginning of Israel's history

3. Religion and the wars under the monarchy

4. The religious wars of the Maccabees

5. The 'Order of the War' from Qumran

PART IV: RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS

INTRODUCTORY

1. SEMITIC SANCTUARIES

1. Sacred territory

2. The sacred character of places of cultic worship

3. The choice of places of worship

1. Theophanies

2. Sacred waters

3. Sacred trees

4. Heights

4. Ziggurats

5. Temples

6. 'High places'

1. The name

2. The situation of the 'high places'

3. The evidence of archaeology

4. Cultic installations

5. 'High places' and funeral services

6. The lawfulness of 'high places'

2. THE FIRST ISRAELITE SANCTURARIES

1. The places where the Patriarchs worshipped

1. Shechem

2. Bethel

3. Mambre

4. Beersheba

5. Conclusion

2. The desert sanctuary: the Tent

3. The Ark of the Covenant

4. The sanctuaries in the land of Israel before the building of the Temple

1. Gilgal

2. Shiloh

3. Mispah in Benjamin

4. Gibeon

5. Ophra

6. Dan

7. Jerusalem

3. THE TEMPLE AT JERUSALEM

1. Solomon's Temple

1. The buildings

2. Analogies and influences

3. The site of the Temple

4. The Temple as a national sanctuary

2. The history of Solomon's Temple

3. The post-exilic Temple

4. The theology of the Temple

1. The Temple as the seat of the divine presence

2. The Temple as the sign of election

3. Symbolism of the Temple

4. Opposition to the Temple

4. THE CENTRALIZATION OF THE CULT

1. Central sanctuary of sole sanctuary?

2. Solomon's Temple and rival sanctuaries

1. The attraction of Jerusalem

2. The religious schism of Jeroboam

3. Dan and Bethel

4. Other sanctuaries

3. Reforms aiming at centralization

4. Deuteronomy

5. Later sanctuaries outside Jerusalem

1. The temple at Elephantine

2. The temple at Leontopolis

3. The temple at Garizim

6. The origin of synagogues

5. THE PRIESTLY OFFICE

1. The name

2. The installation of priests

3. The priest and the sanctuary

4. Priests and divine oracles

1. The ephod

2. Urim and Thummim

3. The decreasing importance of oracles given by priests

5. The priest as a teacher

6. The priest and sacrifice

7. The priest as mediator

6. THE LEVITES

1. Etymology

2. The hereditary priesthood

3. The priestly tribe of Levi

4. Historical development

1. Non-Levitical priests

2. Levite priests

3. Priests and Levites

5. Levitical towns

6. Was there ever a non-priestly tribe called Levi?

7. The origin of the Levites

7. THE PRIESTHOOD IN JERUSALEM UNDER THE MONARCHY

1. Ebyathar and Sadoq

2. The descendants of Sadoq

3. The priests and the kings

4. The hierarchy

5. The revenues of the clergy

6. The lower-ranking personnel

7. Were there prophets attached to the Temple?

8. THE PRIESTHOOD AFTER THE EXILE

1. Priests and Levites down to the period of Esdras and Nehemias

2. The Levites in the work of the Chronicler

1. The Levites and the Ark

2. The singers

3. The door-keepers

4. Other Levitical functions

3. 'Sons of Sadoq' and 'Sons of Aaron'

4. The high priest

1. His titles

2. The investiture of the high priest

3. The high priest and the idea of kingship

4. The succession of high priests

5. The revenues of the Temple and of the clergy

1. The Temple

2. The clergy

9. ALTARS

1. Pre-Israelite altars in Palestine

2. Israelite altars outside the main sanctuary

3. The altars used in the desert

4. The altars in Solomon's Temple

1. The altar of holocausts

2. The altar of perfumes

5. The altar of Ezechiel

6. The altars in the second Temple

7. The religious significance of altars

10. THE RITUAL OF SACRIFICE

1. Holocausts

2. Communion sacrifices

3. Expiatory sacrifices

1. Sacrifice for sin

2. The sacrifice of reparation

3. The distinction between sacrifice for sin and the sacrifice of reparation

4. Vegetable offerings

5. The shewbread

6. Offerings of incense

11. THE HISTORY OF SACRIFICE IN ISRAEL

1. The critical theory

2. General considerations

3. Holocausts and communion-sacrifices

4. Expiatory sacrifices

5. Vegetable offerings and incense-offerings

6. Conclusion

12. THE ORIGIN OF ISRAELITE RITUAL

1. Mesopotamian sacrifice

2. Sacrifice among the ancient Arabs

3. Canaanite sacrifice

4. The origin of the sacrificial ritual of Israel

5. Human sacrifice in Israel

1. Human sacrifices in historical texts

2. Prophetical texts

3. The law concerning the first-born

4. Sacrifices to Moloch

13. THE RELIGIOUS SIGNIGICANCE OF SACRIFICE.

1. Was sacrifice a gift to a malevolent or a selfish deity?

2. Did sacrifice achieve union with the deity by magic?

1. Union with a god by man's eating a divine victim

2. Union with a god by the immolation of a victim representing man

3. Was sacrifice a meal taken by the god?

4. Outline of a theory of sacrifice

1. The gift

2. Communion

3. Expiation

5. Polemic against sacrifices

14. SECONDARY ACTS OF THE CULT

1. Liturgical prayer

1. Prayer and the cult

2. The place and time of prayer, etc.

2. Rites of purification and of de-consecration

1. Sacrifices and ablutions

2. The ashes of the red heifer

3. The ritual for leprosy

3. Rites of consecration

1. General remarks

2. Vows

3. The Nazirites

15. THE LITURGICAL CALENDAR

1. The ordinary services in the Temple

1. The daily services

2. The sabbath

3. The new moon

2. The religious calendars

1. The Elohistic Code of the Covenant

2. The Yahwistic Code of the Covenant

3. Deuteronomy

4. The Law of Holiness

5. Ezechiel

6. The rules for sacrifice given in Numbers

7. Later feasts

16. THE SABBATH DAY

1. The name: its etymology

2. Was the sabbath of Babylonian origin?

3. Was the sabbath of Canaanite origin?

4. Was the sabbath of Qenite origin?

5. The antiquity of the sabbath

6. The religious significance of the sabbath

7. The history of the sabbath

17. THE ANCIENCE FEASTS OF ISRAEL

1. The feasts of the Passover and of Unleavened Bread

1. The historical development

2. The origin of the Passover

3. The origin of the feast of Unleavened Bread

4. Their connection with the history of salvation

2. The feast of Weeks

3. The feast of Tents

1. The names of the feast: its importance

2. Its historical development

3. Its dates

4. The origin of the feast

4. Was there a New Year feast?

5. Was there a feast of the Enthronement of Yahweh?

18. THE LATER FEASTS

1. The Day of Atonement

1. The ritual of expiation

2. The goat 'for Azazel'

3. When was the feast instituted?

2. The feast of the Hanukkah

1. The origin and history of the feast

2. The rites: the Hanukkah and the feast of Tents

3. Was there any pagan influence in the origin or the rites of the Hanukkah?

3. The feast of Purim

1. Its date and its rites

2. Purim and the Book of Esther

3. The origin of the feast

BIBLIOGRAPHY

GENERAL INDEX

INDEX OF PROPER NAMES

INDEX OF SEMITIC FORMS

INDEX OF BIBLICAL REFERENCES

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