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From the Maccabees to the Mishnah, 2nd Edition (Shaye J D Cohen) Paperback Book, (Westminster John Knox, 2006) 9780664227432
From the Maccabees to the Mishnah, 2nd Edition (Shaye J D Cohen) Paperback Book, (Westminster John Knox, 2006) 9780664227432
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Title: From the Maccabees to the Mishnah, 2nd Edition

Author: Cohen, Shaye J D

Publisher: Westminster John Knox; Publication Date: 2006

Paperback; ISBN: 9780664227432

Edition: 2nd Volumes: 1; Pages: 272

List Price in Paper: $30.00 Our price: $21.99

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In this new edition of a best-selling classic, Shaye Cohen offers a thorough analysis of Judaism's development from the early years of the Roman Empire to the formative period of rabbinic Judaism. Cohen's synthesis of religion, literature, and history offers deep insight into the nature of Judaism at this key period, including the relationship between Jews and Gentiles, the function of Jewish religion in the larger community, and the development of normative Judaism and other Jewish sects. In addition, Cohen provides clear explanations concerning the formation of the biblical canon and the roots of rabbinic Judaism. Now completely updated and revised, this book remains the clearest introduction to the era that shaped Judaism and provided the context for early Christianity.Table of ContentsForeword to the First Edition by Wayne A. Meeks ix Preface to the First Edition xi Preface to the Second Edition xiii 1. Ancient Judaism: Chronology and Definitions 1 Chronology 1 Periodization and Perspective 6 From Preexilic Israel to Second Temple Judaism 8 Unity and Diversity 12 Timeline 15 2. Jews and Gentiles 19 Political: Gentile Domination 19 The Maccabean Rebellion 22 The Rebellion Against the Romans (66-74 CE) 23 The Wars of 115-117 CE and 132-135 CE 24 Conclusion 26 Cultural: Judaism and Hellenism 26 "Hellenism," "Hellenization," and "Hellenistic Judaism" 27 Judaism and Hellenistic Culture 29 Conclusion 37 Social: Jews and Gentiles 37 Anti-Judaism and "Anti-Semitism" 37 Philo-Judaism 40 Conclusion 49 3. The Jewish "Religion": Practices and Beliefs 51 Practices 53 The Worship of God 53 Ritual Observances 65 Ritual and Ethics 67 "Legalism" and "the Yoke of the Law" 68 Women's Judaism 70 Beliefs 75 Kingship of God 76 Reward and Punishment 83 Redemption 92 Conclusion 97 4. The Community and Its Institutions 99 The Public Institutions of the Land of Israel 99 The Temple 101 The Sanhedrin 102 The Public Institutions of the Diaspora 103 The Synagogue 106 Private Organizations 110 Sects 111 Professional Guilds 113 Schools 114 Conclusion 117 5. Sectarian and Normative 119 "Sect" and "Heresy" 120 The Focal Points of Jewish Sectarianism 122 Law as Focal Point 123 Temple as Focal Point 126 Scripture as Focal Point 127 "Orthodox" and "Normative" 129 Proto-Sectarianism in the Persian Period 131 Ezra and Nehemiah 132 "The Congregation of the Exile" and Nehemiah 10 134 Isaiah 65 136 Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes 138 Sources Written in Greek: Josephus 138 Sources Written in Greek: The New Testament 141 Sources Written in Hebrew: Qumran Scrolls 144 Sources Written in Hebrew: Rabbinic Texts 148 The Names of the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes 152 Summary: From the Persian Period to the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes 153 Other Sects and Groups 157 "Fourth Philosophy," Sicarii, and Zealots 157 Christians 159 Samaritans 162 Therapeutae 164 Conclusion 165 6. Canonization and Its Implications 167 "Canon" and "Canonical" 170 The History of the Biblical Canon 175 The Torah 175 The Prophets 177 The Writings 178 The Tripartite Canon 179 Why These and Not Those? 182 Conclusion 183 The Implications of Canonization 184 From Prophecy to Apocalypse 186 Scriptural Interpretation 192 Conclusion 203 7. The Emergence of Rabbinic Judaism 205 "The Rabbis" and "The Rabbinic Period" 205 What Is the Mishnah? 206 From Second Temple Judaism to Rabbinic Judaism 207 Relations with Gentiles 208 Rabbinic Religion 210 Society and Institutions 213 The End of Sectarianism 216 Canon and Literature 220 Conclusion 222 Suggestions for Further Reading 225 Glossary of Technical Terms 239 Index 243
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