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Title: Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation between Judaism and Christianity
Author: Zetterholm, Magnus
Publisher: Routledge/Taylor & Francis; Publication Date: 2003
Paperback; ISBN: 9780415359597
Volumes: 1; Pages: 288
List Price in Paper: $40.95 Our price: $40.95
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One of the major puzzles of Western civilization is how early 2nd century Christianity was transformed into a non-Jewish, Gentile religion, when Christianity began as one of many Jewish factions in the diverse Judaism of the period.
Zetterholm uses theoretical insights from the social sciences to deal with the complex issues raised by the parting of Judaism and Christianity, and the accompanying rise of Christian anti-Semitism in ancient Antioch. While previous attempts to solve this problem have focused mainly on ideology, his study emphasizes the interplay between sociological and ideological elements.
Table of Contents
Chapter One Aim, Method and Perspectives
The Aim of the Study The Basic Problem J. D. G. Dunn and the Partings of the Ways The Aim Specified The Method and Perspectives of the Study Models, Perspectives and the Question of Verification "The Truth Is Out There"
Chapter Two The Setting: Antioch-on-the-Orontes Introduction
A Short History of Antioch The Foundation and Early Development of the City From Antiochus IV Epiphanes to Titus The Social and Religious Life of Antioch Antioch as a Graeco-Roman Polis Public and Private Worship Social Conditions in Antioch The Jewish Community in Antioch up to 66 C.E. The Origin of Jewish Presence in Antioch The Legal Status of the Jews of Antioch One Community
Chapter Three The Cultural and Religious Differentiation Introduction Constructing Analytical Tools A Theory of Religious Differentiation Religion and Value-Changing Processes Muslims and Religious Change in Modern Europe Pluralism and Religious Differentiation A Theory of Social Integration Variables of Assimilation The Process of Assimilation The Assimilation ProfileAnalysis Groups and Factions Crossing the Boundaries
Chapter Four Evidence of Interaction Introduction
Riots and Reactions The Incident at the Circus Antiochus, Titus and the Jews in Antioch The Paradox of Attraction Converts, Admirers and God-Fearers Ethics, Survival Rates and the Attraction of the Jews Jews, God-Fearers and Civic Authorities The Incident at Antioch The Scholarly Debate Purity and Tithing Circumcision and Table-Fellowship Critique and Revision Circumcision and Oathtaking Christian Identity The Need for a Different Approach Covenant and Conflict The Eschatological Status of Gentiles A Covenant for Gentiles? The Agreement at Jerusalem and the Apostolic Decree Who Ate With Whom
Chapter Five Politics and Persecution Introduction Constructing Analytical Tools A Theory of Social Movements Social Movements and Collective Action The Rationality of Social Behaviour The Origin of Social Movements The Mobilisation of Resources Social Movements and Social Conflict Analysis The Call for Collective Action The Socio-Political Situation after the Jewish War Jews, Gentiles and the Fiscus Judaicus in Antioch The Rationality of Separation Christianity as a Social Movement Judaism, Christianity and Ignatius of Antioch
Resource Mobilisation and the Gospel of Matthew Federations and the Mission to the Jews Summary and Conclusion Epilogue Summary and Implications The Main Results of the Study
Ancient Sources Modern Works
Index of Subjects
Index of Passages