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Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture (G E R Lloyd) Hardcover Book, (Oxford University Press, 2006) 9780199270163
Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture (G E R Lloyd) Hardcover Book, (Oxford University Press, 2006) 9780199270163
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Title: Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture

Author: Lloyd, G E R

Publisher: Oxford University Press; Publication Date: 2006

Hardcover; ISBN: 9780199270163

Volumes: 1; Pages: 240

List Price in Cloth: $75.00 Our price: $60.99

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Geoffrey Lloyd engages in a wide-ranging exploration of what we can learn from the study of ancient civilizations that is relevant to fundamental problems, both intellectual and moral, that we still face today.How far is it possible to arrive at an understanding of alien systems of belief? Is it possible to talk meaningfully of "science" and of its various constituent disciplines, "astronomy," "geography," "anatomy," and so on, in the ancient world? Are logic and its laws universal? Is there one ontology--a single world--to which all attempts at understanding must be considered to be directed? When we encounter apparently very different views of reality, how far can that be put down to a difference in conceptions of what needs explaining, or of what counts as an explanation, or to different preferred modes of reasoning or styles of inquiry? Do the notions of truth and belief represent reliable cross-cultural universals?In another area, what can ancient history teach us about today's social and political problems? Are the discourses of human nature and of human rights universally applicable? What political institutions do we need to help secure equity and justice within nation states and between them?Lloyd sets out to answer all these questions, and to convince us that the science and culture of ancient Greece and China provide precious resources to advance modern debates.Contents1. Understanding Ancient Societies2. Science in Ancient Civilizations?3. Carving out Territories4. A Common Logic5. Searching for Truth6. The Questionability of Belief7. Styles of Inquiry and the Question of a Common Ontology8. The Use and Abuse of Classification9. For Example and Against10. Universities: their Histories and Responsibilities11. Human Nature and Human Rights12. A Critique of DemocracyConclusionGlossary of Chinese and Greek Terms
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