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* Sources and Sitz im Leben of Matthew 23 (Kenneth G C Newport) Hardcover Book, (T & T Clark, 1995) 9781850755579
* Sources and Sitz im Leben of Matthew 23 (Kenneth G C Newport) Hardcover Book, (T & T Clark, 1995) 9781850755579
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Title: * Sources and Sitz im Leben of Matthew 23

Author: Newport, Kenneth G C

Publisher: T & T Clark; Publication Date: 1995

Hardcover; ISBN: 9781850755579

Volumes: 1; Pages: 205

List Price in Hardcover: $130.00 Our price: $10.99

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Matthew 23 presents the New Testament scholar with many problems. Not the least of these is the unequivocal acceptance of Pharisaic authority in vv. 2-3. In the same chapter the tithing of mint, dill and cummin is affirmed (v. 23) and the altar is said still to sanctify the gift (v. 19). This material seems out of place within the broader context of Matthew's Gospel. This study examines the origin and function of such material and argues that the bulk of the chapter (vv. 2-31) is formed from a single unified source and cannot be explained in terms of Matthew's editing of Q, M and Markan material. The focus of the criticism found in these verses is that the Pharisees are too slack: they strain gnats but swallow camels (v. 24), they 'say but do not do' (v. 4). To this unified source material, however, the evangelist has added his own (vv. 32-39) and by it launches an attack not just upon the Pharisees and scribes, but 'Jerusalem' and her children as a whole. Matthew therefore both heightens the polemic and extends its range.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments p. 7

Abbreviations p. 8

Introduction p. 11

Compositional Theories p. 15

Michael D. Goulder p. 19

Dennis G. Tevis p. 40

M.-E. Boismard p. 47

The Two-Document Hypothesis p. 49

The Four-Document Hypothesis p. 53

The Sitz im Leben of Matthew 23 p. 61

Pre-70 ce Jewish Customs and Practices in Matthew 23 p. 80

Moses' Seat p. 81

Phylacteries p. 85

Tassels p. 88

Rabbi p. 90

Father p. 95

Master p. 96

Proselytes p. 98

Oath Forms p. 100

Tithing p. 102

Gnat-Straining p. 103

Cup-Cleaning p. 105

Tombs p. 107

The Pharisees p. 111

The Scribes p. 114

Exegesis of Matthew 23 p. 117

Links between Matthew 23 and Other Material in the Gospel p. 157

Conclusion p. 182

Bibliography p. 187

Index of References p. 196

Index of Authors p. 203
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